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Antenna and Transponder Unit for Underwater PNT

Underwater wireless communications links have almost exclusively been implemented using acoustic systems. Optical links have proved impractical for many applications. Although underwater radio links were experimented in the pioneering days of radio, they did not meet the requirements of the time. Given modern operational requirements and digital communications technology, the time is now ripe for…

Advanced Multi-Frequency Low-Cost High-Gain GNSS Antennas for next generation of Mass-Market Devices

Mass-market GNSS receivers, mostly installed in smartphones, use low cost antennas that need to be compatible with the communication antennas of these terminals. Typical antennas used in mobile phones are simple PIFAs (Planar Inverted-F Antennas) suitable for any constellation in L1 band, such as GPS/Galileo, GLONASS/Beidou. Their linear polarization (instead of circular) and low gain lead to…

GNSS Science with Commercial Aircraft

Usage of commercial aircraft and vessels, as platforms for crowdsourcing science and remote sensing, is under study by organisations like the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) in its Crowdsourced Bathymetry Working Group, or by private companies for imaging and radar applications. Some advanced passive GNSS-based processing techniques (e.g. exploiting simultaneously direct and…