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Integrity Monitoring and Prediction Concept for Autonomous Car Resilience and Safety

Autonomous driving is seen by many as a coming technology disruption that will have profound impacts on industry, society and the economy. One of the great hopes of autonomous driving proponents is the realisation of huge safety improvements. According to the World Health Organization, road accidents account for 3,400 deaths every day around the world. This is more deaths than those caused, for…

Artificial Intelligence / Machine Learning Sensor Fusion for Autonomous Vessel Navigation

Maritime transport is currently facing new challenges such as significant increases in transport volumes, more stringent environmental requirements and a shortage of seafarers in the future.  One of the many new concepts having the potential to overcome these challenges is autonomous ship navigation. In particular, the concept is expected to allow for more efficient and competitive ship…

Low-RF Fast Deployable Systems for Emergencies in Difficult Environments

There exist a number of applications requiring reliable and accurate navigation services in environments difficult to access where available commercial products struggle to satisfy the variety of user demands. Such applications include very deep indoor applications, for which navigation accuracy and timely operations are critical to users, as for example in emergencies or underwater/urban-canyon…

Techniques supporting Resilience for High Integrity Train Control Applications

European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) to improve operational performance and reduce the cost of the overall system. In order to ensure that an enhanced ERTMS with satellite positioning is interoperable and minimises impact on the existing system, the ERTMS supply industry has been working on the realisation of a concept using GNSS to detect virtual balises. The use of carrier phase for…

Quantum-based sensing for PNT

The exploitation of quantum physics has already enabled revolutionary technical applications and industries of enormous economic scale. The semiconductor industry alone is currently a €500 billion market, giving rise to industries on an even larger scale (smartphones, computing, software, etc.).  Quantum physics is now again set to radically change several industries, including…

Trusted Radionavigation via Two-Way Ranging

Wireless positioning systems based on passive ranging, as used in GNSS today, are very attractive and represent the most pragmatic and cost-beneficial solution for worldwide positioning in benign, secured environments; however, this may no longer be a one-size-fits-all solution for modern radionavigation usage as the need for complementary solutions offering adaptability, reliability and trust is…

High-Altitude Pseudo-Satellites for PNT

High-Altitude Pseudo-Satellites (HAPS) are airships “quasi-”stationed at a height of 20-30 km, in an altitude range where atmospheric winds are milder. HAPS are normally solar powered, unmanned, large, helium filled and semi-rigid; they can be operational for several years.  HAPS have been studied in the telecom domain (ESA GSP HAPPIEST study), where they were briefly considered…

Resilient, Trustworthy, Ubiquitous Time Transfer

Secure and reliable time transfer is a key enabler for the next generation of services worldwide. A number of different applications such as 5G mobile broadband, mobile multimedia broadcast, power grids, terrestrial positioning services, financial operations, IoT, big data and cloud processing will require accurate, secure and reliable time information to be able to work consistently and…

Low-Cost GNSS Antenna Arrays for Improved Performance, Anti-Spoofing, and Meaconing and Interference Mitigation

The activity primarily targets GNSS antennas for autonomous driving vehicles, which is a fast growing market. It is foreseen that future vehicles will rely less and less on humans, and more and more on Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), requiring reliable navigation based on several sensors (GNSS and others) in order to ensure security and safety inside and outside the vehicle in all…

Support for Institutional Projects

Focused on participating States’ priorities, the action  aims at supporting their national navigation activities along the whole value chain. Element 3 configures as an ad-hoc support element, which is envisaged per country and possibly per domain, for the development and promotion of products, applications and services based on GNSS and more widely on PNT systems. Following participating…